Millions of U.S. taxpayers could receive a tax refund shock when they file their 2022 returns due to the expiration of many pandemic benefits that lawmakers had designed to help Americans weather the crisis.
That means families may see smaller refunds when they file their taxes in early 2023 for the current tax year, said Mark Steber, chief tax information officer at Jackson Hewitt. The average tax refund in 2022 (for the 2021 tax year) was almost $3,200, a 14% jump from the prior year, according to IRS data.
But the benefits that juiced refunds this year have largely lapsed, ranging from federal stimulus checks to the expanded Child Tax Credit (CTC), Steber noted.
Even the IRS is warning taxpayers that checks may be stingier next year. The tax agency cautioned in a November news release: "Refunds may be smaller in 2023."
Many of the tax benefits still exist, but under current tax law they have reverted to their smaller, pre-pandemic levels, such as in the case of the CTC, which is credited with lifting millions of children out of poverty. The CTC is reverting to its prior level of $2,000 per child, compared with a pandemic credit that was high as $3,600 per kid.
The year 2021 "was quite a remarkable year with the insertion of all those new tax breaks," Steber noted. "But jump ahead to this year, and a lot of the increases expired, hence the term 'refund shock' or 'refund surprise.'"
The typical tax refund next year could be around $2,700, or roughly what taxpayers got in 2021 (for their 2020 taxes), Steber said. Of course, each taxpayer's situation is different, with refunds dependent on a number of factors, ranging from an individual's tax bracket to whether a taxpayer has children.
One rule of thumb recommended by Steber: Don't look at your tax return from earlier this year to determine what you'll receive for your refund in 2023.
"You're probably going to have not as pleasant an experience as you had last year,"
The IRS is also warning taxpayers that they shouldn't bank on getting their refunds "by a certain date, especially when making major purchases or paying bills."
It added, "Some returns may require additional review and may take longer."
Still, taxpayers can take steps to improve their tax situation before year-end. For instance, you could sock away more dollars into a traditional IRA or 401(k) account to take advantage of their pre-tax contribution rules — every dollar invested in one of these funds lowers your taxable income. And if you've suffered investment losses this year, consider selling one or more of those positions given that you can deduct up to $3,000 in losses against your earnings, lowering your taxable income.
No stimulus Check
The government did not issue any stimulus checks issued in 2022, with the third and final payment authorized in the spring of 2021 through the American Rescue Plan Act. Because these checks were paid in 2021, they were reflected in tax returns filed in early 2022 and affected tax refunds received earlier this year. Some taxpayers relied on their 2021 tax filing to claim more stimulus money, which helped them get bigger refunds. For instance, children born in 2021 generally weren't included in the third round of stimulus checks because the IRS was relying on 2020 tax returns to establish eligibility — and thus children born in 2021 were initially passed over by the tax agency. However, parents were able to claim the third stimulus check for these children when they filed their taxes earlier this year.
A smaller Child Tax Credit
The Child Tax Credit got supercharged in 2021, with parents of children under 6 receiving $3,600 and parents of children ages 6 to 17 getting $3,000.
But in 2022, that tax credit reverted to its pre-pandemic level of $2,000 per child, regardless of age. While that's certainly a help, that slimmer tax break could make an impact on parents' refunds. Some lawmakers and child advocates are pushing to reinstate the higher CTC amounts, with Representative Adam Schiff, a Democrat from California, this week urging congressional leaders to extend the expanded CTC. But with Congress leaving soon for its holiday recess, it's unclear whether there will be any traction on this issue.
Earned Income Tax Credit
Another tax credit that is less generous this year is the Earned Income Tax Credit, or EITC, which is aimed at low- and moderate-income workers. During the pandemic, the EITC was increased for a group of workers who typically don't benefit much from it: Adults without kids. In 2021, low-income workers without children were eligible to receive a credit worth up to $1,500. This year, the tax credit is reverting to a lower amount for this group — $560 in 2022.
Low-income parents who qualify for the EITC will actually receive slightly higher amounts in 2022, as that figure is adjusted annually for inflation. For instance, this year eligible parents with two children can receive an EITC of $6,164, compared with $5,980 in 2021.
No extra deduction for charitable giving
The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act, or CARES Act, had a provision that allowed taxpayers to deduct an extra $300 for single taxpayers or $600 for married couples on their 2020 and 2021 taxes. This provision allowed people who rely on the standard deduction, which represents the majority of taxpayers, to take an extra deduction for charitable giving. But that above-the-line charitable deduction wasn't renewed in 2022, which means that taxpayers who don't itemize won't get an extra deduction for their charitable gifts this year.
Source: CBS News| American Tax Refund Shock